Below are some of the more common ants that you are most likely to encounter in the Pacific Northwest. Please feel free to scroll down for more information to help identify your pest.
Ants are very common social insects. It is thought there are over 14,000 species living in almost every environment on the earth. Ant colonies can range from several hundred to several million workers. Some colonies can live for over 20 years or more depending on the species.
All ants go through a growth cycle called Complex Metamorphosis (similar to that of wasps, bees, beetles, and fleas). In this particular growth cycle the insect goes from egg to larva to pupa to adult.
Ant colonies normally contain three distinct castes within the colony: males, queens, and workers. The workers in some species come in three different sizes within the colony (polymorphic) which include soldier, major, and minor. Some species also have several queens within each colony (polygenic).
Ant colonies reproduce themselves through swarming or budding. When swarming, the winged reproductive males and females leave the nest to mate. Soon after, the males die by starvation and the newly inseminated queens will usually lose their wings and begin new colonies. When budding, the separation process occurs on the ground, there is no flying involved
Ants generally enter the structure looking for food or shelter. They use scent
trails to direct each other. This is why they can re-
Is it an ant or a termite?
The way to tell the difference between an ant and a termite
General Ant Biology
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